Tuesday, March 21, 2006

Significant new changes in CPR

The science was examined, discussions were held, and according the American Heart Association’s experts, there is a better way to perform CPR.

Every five years guidelines for performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation are reviewed to ensure that they embrace the latest scientific evidence. The recently released “2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for CPR” significantly change the way CPR is performed. The most dramatic change: updated compression-to-ventilation ratios.

While a 15:2 ratio has been taught in the past, a 30:2 ratio is now recommended.
“This new ratio will allow rescuers to focus on delivery of effective chest compressions and minimize interruptions to the compressions,” said Carolina Miranda, director of healthy and safety for the Palo Alto Area American Red Cross (PAARC). “In addition, this new ratio will apply to adults, children and infants – making it easier for the lay rescuer to learn, remember and perform CPR.”

The American Red Cross is currently revising its First Aid and CPR classes to include these new recommendations and will introduce updated courses in March.

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